Project Description

Sodium sulfacyl

(solution 30% (eye drops)) – Solution Sulfacyli natrii 30% (guttae ophthalmicae

international nonproprietary name

Sulfacetamide

Ref

BP-0140

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Antimicrobial preparation, sulfacetamide.

Composition of the preparation

1 ml of solution contains 300 mg of sulfacetamide.

Pharmacological action

Pharmacodynamics

Sodium sulfacуl is a sulfonamide antimicrobial preparation of a wide range of action. It has a bacteriostatic effect. The mechanism of action is connected with competent antagonism to PABA and inhibition of dehydropteroatsynthetase that leads to the impairment of synthesis of tetrahydrofolic acid necessary for purine and pyrimidine synthesis.

It is active in relation to gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria (comprising colon bacillus, streptococcus, gonococcus, pneumococcus), as well as clamydia, actinomycetes.

Pharmacokinetics

On local application it is penetrated into the eye tissues and fluids. It can penetrate into the systemic blood flow through the inflamed conjunctiva, though because of insignificant amount of the preparation the systemic effect is not determined.

Indications 

The preparation is used on conjunctivitis, blepharitis, septic ulcers of the cornea and other eye infections.

special indication

In patients with higher individual sensitivity to furosemide, thiazide diuretics, sulfonyl-urea or carbohydrase inhibitors higher sensitivity to sodium sulfacyl may develop.

special warning

Not established

Dosage and method of administration

The preparation is instilled into the conjunctival sac, adults 2–3 drops of the solution 3 times a day.

overdosage

On marked side effects (burning, reddening, edema, colic, lacrimation) the preparation of lower concentration (20% sodium sulfacyl solution) shall be used.

safety measures

Special care shall be taken in patients with burdened allergic anamnesis.

Side effects

On application of the preparation local irritation of the tissues (burning, reddening, edema, colic, lacrimation) is possible, as well as allergic reactions.

Contraindications

Higher sensitivity to sulfanylamid preparations.

Interactions with other medicinal preparations

Simultaneous use of novocaine and tetracaine reduces the bacteriostatic effect of sodium sulfacyl. Incompatibility of sodium sulfacyl with silver salt is observed when used simultaneously.

The form of release

30% sterile solution (eye drops). It is produced in vials 5 ml.